Basic Crochet Terminology

posted in: How to Crochet | 1

Like any other craft, crochet has it’s very own terminology or “slang”. In order to follow crochet patterns, you will need to understand the basic terminology. Here they are:

Crochet Terminology

Slip Knot

A slip knot is the very first yarn action you will need to take to start off your project. The slip knot is the loop you make that will go onto your crochet hook and will then be used to make your very first chain (which leads us to our next word).



The chain is the base of your crochet work. The chain can be made any length, depending on your pattern’s needs. Your next row will be built on top of this row by working into it. You can learn how to make your chain in this post, which will also teach you how to yarn over.


Yarn Over

“Yarn over” means you wrap your yarn around your hook, from the back to the front. You can see how I do this in this post.


Pull Through

“Pull through” is literally when you pull the yarn through the loop.


Loop and Hoop

These two words can be used interchangeably by some, but others use them specifically. I try to use them as such: Loop is the part in the stitch you can work into. Hoop is when you create a large opening by chaining more than one. Hoop is a created gap in your pattern.


Slip Stitch

“Slip stitch” is almost like a single crochet. You will go through a loop, yarn over and pull through everything on the hook. The end result will look flat, which is the idea. Since this stitch is so flat, it is almost hidden in your work. It is used to end your work, allowing you to secure your end. However it can be used in other ways too. I have used it as a method to adorn, attach two separate parts (like here) and even a sneaky way to move your yarn to where you want it (just remember that sometimes people will still notice the slip stitch).



If you are completely new to crochet and a pattern tells you only this word “turn”, it could be a little confusing if you have no idea what to do or how to do it. “Turn” simply means to turn your work over. Usually you only turn your work at the end of a row, but some patterns might call to turn your work in the middle of a row to create a specific look. Other times you might never turn. For examples, circles do not require you to turn your work. I also didn’t need to turn my work when I made this placemat.

It is important to know how to turn your work correctly, therefore look at where your yarn ended up after you turned. Your yarn will be behind your hook (as it should always be) in a natural, non-forced manner. Here is a video to watch.

This list is a work in progress, so if you want something added, let me know!

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